Monday, November 30, 2009


Hi, Guys!,

If you are bored, you can do more exercises related to CONDITIONALS.

A. Complete the sentences in the First or Second conditional. Use the correct form of the verbs.

1. If I ______________ (be) a film star, I ______________ (buy) very expensive clothes.

2. I ______________ (phone) you if I ______________ (decide) to go shopping.

3. Tim ____________ (go out with) Helen if she _____________ (ask) him. But she’s too shy.

4. If I _______________ (be) an advertising manager, I _____________ (not make) offensive adverts.

5. The shoe shop ______________ (not sell) many Nike trainers if they ____________ (not reduce) the prices soon.

6. If my brother ______________ (pass) his driving test, Mum _______________ (let) him use her car. I’m sure he’ll pass!

B. Choose the correct answer.

1. When you ( are starting, start, will start ) your diet, you will have to give up chocolate.

2. You won’t lose weight unless you ( will change, changed, change ) your eating habits.

3. If I had had an appetite, I ( would eat, ate, would have eaten ) more.

4. It would be much better at this club there ( would be, are, were ) more people.

5. If I had known how many people wanted to exercise, I ( will form, would have formed, formed ) an exercise group.

6. When you grill the chicken, there ( are, were, would be ) fewer calories in it.

7. Unless the temperature ( will rise, rose, rises ), I’m going to the beach today.

8. What ( would you do, you did, had you done ) if you were me?

9. It ( cheer you up, will cheer you up, would cheer you up ) if you go and buy yourself a new dress.

10. You ( can join, could have joined, could join ) the aerobics class if you had signed up on time.

C. Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verb in brackets. All conditionals may be used.

1. If you _____________ (want) to remain healthy, ____________ (eat) less salt, sugar and fat!

2. Unless you _____________ (get) at least seven hours sleep a night, you ___________ (feel) tired the following day.

3. If you _______________ (need) a holiday, _______________ (you take) one?

4. If you ________________ (not include) fruit and vegetables in your diet, you _________________ (not have) the vitamins you need to stay healthy.

5. If you ______________ (take) exercise twice a week, your general fitness level ________________ (improve).

6. If you ______________ (try) the frilled chicken, I think you __________________ (like) it, but you insisted on steak, as usual.

7. If you ______________ (live) in France instead of England, you _______________ (get used to) having a glass of wine with your meals.

8. If I ______________ (be) you, I ________________ (talk) to a doctor before going on a diet.

9. If you ______________ (go out) with us last night, it _______________ (you cheer up) a bit.

10. If I _________________ (drink) enough water, I _______________ (not have) such a bad headache yesterday.

D. Rewrite the following sentences without altering their meaning.

1. If you aren’t on a diet, try the cheesecake. (unless)


2. Danny wants to lose some weight, but he doesn’t have any will power. (if)


3. Sue didn’t mention the tennis game so I didn’t turn up to watch. (if)


4. In my opinion, you should drink low-fat milk. (if)


5. You should have a medical check-up when starting a diet. (if)


6. I didn’t buy any vegetables so I couldn’t make a salad. (if)


7. Paul won’t swim in the pool because there is no lifeguard. (if)


8. Peter gets angry with people who don’t take him seriously. (unless)


E. Complete the following sentences using your own words.

1. If Helen _______________________________________________, we will go and visit her.

2. If you were a celebrity, where __________________________________________________.

3. Unless you take exercise, _____________________________________________________.

4. The doctor would have helped him if she ________________________________________ .

5. Would you give up fast food if _________________________________________________.

6. I __________________________________________________________ if I won the lottery.

7. If you had made a healthy holiday, ______________________________________________.

8. I would have met David Bisbal if _______________________________________________.

9. If she were Scarlet, __________________________________________________________.

10. If I met the Prime Minister, ___________________________________________________.

F. Make up endings for these conditional sentences.

1. If you don’t write it down, you …….

2. If I lost my address book …….

3. If you hadn’t told me …..

4. I wouldn’t like it if ……

5. You would have remembered if …..

6. We won’t forget it if …….

G. Think of ways to complete these sentences.

1. Unless you pass your exams ……

2. I won’t know what to do unless …..

3. Unless you write the words down ….

4. I won’t help you with your homework unless …..

5. Unless I find someone to help me …..

H. Make conditional sentences about these situations. Examples:

I forgot to set my alarm clock; I was late for school.

If I hadn’t forgotten to set my alarm clock, I wouldn’t have been late for school.

I didn’t have time; I didn’t watch the film on TV.

If I’d had time, I would have watched the film.

1. I missed the last bus; I had to walk home.

2. I didn’t have your address; I didn’t write to you.

3. I was ill; I didn’t go on the picnic.

4. I forgot to take my umbrella with me when I went out; I got wet.

5. I didn’t have a map; I got lost.

6. I didn’t work hard; I failed my exam.

I. Rewrite the sentences. Use UNLESS, AS LONG AS, and PROVIDED (THAT):

1. We won’t use the same advert again if people don’t like it. (provided that)

We _____________________________________________________________________

2. We won’t watch satellite TV if they don’t reduce the number of adverts. (unless)

We _____________________________________________________________________

3. I won’t go to the cinema this evening if Tom isn’t going to be there. (as long as)

I _______________________________________________________________________

4. The company won’t succeed if it doesn’t change its image. (unless)

The _____________________________________________________________________

5. I won’t buy cosmetics if they’re tested on animals. (provided that)

I _______________________________________________________________________

Write the verb in the correct tense to form a conditional sentence .

1. What you (do) if you (be) given the Nobel Prize.
2. If I
(know) that teacher was coming, I (not join) the excursion.
3. If you
(heat=calentar) water to 100 degrees, it .(boil)
you (find) the room too noisy, (close) the windows firmly.
4. You
(not open) the bottle unless you (use) a bottle opener.
(not run) unless you (want) to sweat too much.
6. All the students
(pass) the test on condition that he (explain) lessons properly.
7. If you
(meet) Mr Leech, (can) you ask him a favour, please?
8. They
(not escape) if the police (be) faster.
9. Whales
(not disappear) if we conscious about it.
10. Where
you (travel) if you (win) the lottery?

Grammar.... CONDITIONALS (1)

Hi, Guys!,

If you need to review Conditionals and repeat the activities corrected in class, you can get them here. Besides, I'm going to recommend you to take a look to the following exercises.


1) Change these conditional sentences type I into type II and type III. 1.- If you give me some glue, I will stick the piecestogether. 2.- I will get you a newspaper if I can find one.
3.- He will be a good president if he is elected.

4.- There will be more people killed if we don't stop that
war. 5.- If you hurry, you'll catch your train.
6.- If you are a good boy, I will take you to the cinema.

2) Rephrase the following sentences into conditionals (types I, II or III) like in the example:

e.g. You were not at home yesterday.
Your little
brother had an accident (type III) = If you had been at home yesterday, your little brother wouldn't have had an accident.

1.- I forgot the car keys at home. I was late for work. (t.III).
2.- She hasn't got a university degree. She'd like to
have a better job. (t. II)
3.- I spent all my money on cigarettes. I need a
dictionary. (t. III).
4.- You might see my sister. I need to tell her that our
father's gone on a business trip. (t. I, use SHOULD).
5.- Susan is going to fail almost every subject this year.
She wants to go to university. (t. I)
6.- He's not handsome. He'd like to have a beautiful
girlfriend. (type II, use MIGHT in the main clause).
7.- The prison warder was having lunch. The prisoners escaped. (t.III).
8.- I need a typewriter. It costs a lot of money. (t. I)

9.- I don't have enough time. I like reading very much.
(t. II)
10.- I don't like cooking. I always eat in restaurants
(t. II)

3) CONDITIONAL SENTENCES TYPE I: basic formsWrite conditional sentences type I, using the given facts in your conditional clause, and adding a suitable completion.

1.- It looks as if those shoes in the window are my size.

2.- Don't drop that vase.

3.- It looks like being fine tomorrow.

4.- My father has suggested that I change my job.

5.- It seems that we'll be late for the theatre.

6.- Don't lose my library book!

7.- You may meet some friends of mine in London.
8.- He expects to pass his exams.

9.- They're hoping it will be a baby boy.

10.- I anticipate getting a rise in salary next year. constant balance of payments problem.

Complete the following sentences:

1.- You will have to go to the dentist if...

2.- He would have been drowned if...
3.- If I'd had a car...

4.- If Tom rings while I'm out...

CONDITIONAL SENTENCES: inversion Rewrite these sentences as in the examples.
1 If you should need my help again, just give me a
ring. = Should you need my help again, just give me a ring.

2 Were the Government to go back on this election pledge, there would be a revolt among back-benchers. =If the Government were to go back...

3 Had I known you were ill, I would have visited you.= If I had known you were ill,...
1.- If you should need to consult me again, you can contact me at this number.
2.- The hospital can switch to an emergency generator if the need should arise.
3.- If you should be late once again, you'll lose your job.
4.- If it were not for the fact that his father is on the board of directors, he would never have got the job.
5.- If such a merger were ever to be proposed, it would undoubtedly be referred to the Monopolies Commission.
6.- If it were not for the expense involved, I would go there by air.
7.- If it hadn't been for your laziness, you could have finished the work by now.
8.- If he had taken a little more time to think, he might have acted more sensibly.
9.- If the attempted assassination had succeeded, there would almost certainly have been civil and political chaos.
10.- If the driver of the train hadn't reacted so quickly, the accident would have been much worse.

Friday, November 27, 2009



Origin of Thanksgiving Day

Thanksgiving is America's preeminent day. It is celebrated every year on the fourth Thursday in the month of November. It has a very interesting history. Its origin can be traced back to the 16th century when the first thanksgiving dinner is said to have taken place.

Journey of Pilgrims
The legendary pilgrims, crossed the Atlantic in the year 1620 in Mayflower-A 17th Century sailing vessel. About 102 people traveled for nearly two months with extreme difficulty. This was so because they were kept in the cargo space of the sailing vessel. No one was allowed to go on the deck due to terrible storms. The pilgrims comforted themselves by singing Psalms- a sacred song.

Arrival in Plymouth
The pilgrims reached Plymouth rock on December 11th 1620, after a sea journey of 66 days. Though the original destination was somewhere in the northern part of Virginia, they could not reach the place owing to winds blowing them off course. Nearly46 pilgrims died due to extreme cold in winter. However, in the spring of 1621, Squanto, a native Indian taught the pilgrims to survive by growing food.

Day of Fasting and Prayer
In the summer of 1621, owing to severe drought, pilgrims called for a day of fasting and prayer to please God and ask for a bountiful harvest in the coming season. God answered their prayers and it rained at the end of the day. It saved the corn crops.

First Thanksgiving Feast
It is said that Pilgrims learnt to grow corn, beans and pumpkins from the Indians, which helped all of them survive . In the autumn of 1621, they held a grand celebration where 90 people were invited including Indians. The grand feast was organized to thank god for his favors. This communal dinner is popularly known as “The first thanksgiving feast”. There is however, no evidence to prove if the dinner actually took place.

While some historians believe pilgrims were quite religious so, their thanksgiving would've included a day of fasting and praying, others say that the Thanksgiving dinner did take place.

Turkey and First Thanksgiving Feast
There is no evidence to prove if the customary turkey was a part of the initial feast. According to the first hand account written by the leader of the colony, the food included, ducks, geese, venison, fish, berries etc.

Pumpkin and Thanksgiving Feast
Pumpkin pie, a modern staple adorning every dinner table, is unlikely to have been a part of the first thanksgiving feast. Pilgrims however, did have boiled pumpkin. Diminishing supply of flour led to the absence of any kind of bread.

The feast continued for three days and was eaten outside due to lack of space. It was not repeated till 1623, which again witnessed a severe drought. Governor Bradford proclaimed another day of thanksgiving in the year 1676. October of 1777 witnessed a time when all the 13 colonies joined in a communal celebration. It also marked the victory over the British.

After a number of events and changes, President Lincoln proclaimed last Thursday in November of thanksgiving in the year 1863. This was due to the continuous efforts of Sarah Josepha Hale, a magazine editor. She wrote a number of articles for the cause.

Saturday, November 21, 2009

THANKS A LOT!!! 3,000 views

I just can say THANKS A LOT and

You all encourage me to go on writing, looking for new ideas, releasing interesting articles, ... thank you very much!!!

Let's dance to celebrate it!

If you could read my mind...

If you could read my mind love
What a tale my thoughts would tell
Just like an old time movie
'Bout a ghost from a wishing well
In a castle dark or a fortress strong
With chains upon my feet
You know that ghost is me

All three
I don't know where we went wrong
But the feeling's gone and I just can't get it back

If you could read my mind, yeah

If you could read your mind love
What a tale my thoughts would tell
Just like a paperback novel
The kind that drugstores sell
When you reach the part where the heartache comes
The hero would be you
Heroes often fail

All three
Never thought I could feel this way...

If you could read my mind

If you could
If you could
If you could read my mind (repeat)

If you could read my mind love
What a tale my thoughts would tell
Just like an old time movie
'Bout a ghost from a wishing well

All three (w/Jocelyn)
If you could read my mind love
What a tale my thoughts would tell
Just like a paperback novel
The kind that drugstores sell

Ultra Nate'
And when you reach the part where the heartache comes
The hero would be you
Heroes often fail

All three
Never thought I could feel this way...

If you could
If you could
If you could read my mind


Hi, Guys!,

On many occasions in class, I do not have enough time to tell you all the most important days of the British calendar. Neither do I know if you have you ever noticed that during this month, the British politicians wear a red poppy in their lapel. This is because of the celebration of the so-called "Remembrance Day" in UK.

Remembrance Day – also known as Poppy Day, Armistice Day (the event it commemorates) or Veterans Day – is a day to commemorate the sacrifices of members of the armed forces and of civilians in times of war, specifically since the First World War. It is observed on 11th November to recall the end of World War I on that date in 1918 (major hostilities of World War I were formally ended at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918 with the German signing of the Armistice). The day was specifically dedicated by King George V, on 7 November 1919, to the observance of members of the armed forces who were killed during war; this was possibly done upon the suggestion of Edward George Honey to Wellesley Tudor Pole, who established two ceremonial periods of remembrance based on events in 1917.

Sunday, November 15, 2009


I think everyone should watch , or better said "must watch", this fantastic film. You are going to love the plot of the story, the characters, their amazing adventures, their realtionships, their nice behaviour, ... and from my point of view, the main message of the film:


Because of that, I would like to share with you all some wonderful moments of the film. And, if you want to tell me what is the main message of the movie for you, I would be grateful for that.

Now, let's see UP!, one the best film that I've ever seen!!!

Saturday, November 14, 2009


Hi, Guys!,

Have you read Twilight? I remember that some of you told you've already the first book, you enjoyed it a lot, ... and also, the second "New Moon" in English!!!

Once again, I encourage you to listen to three interviews of the three main characters who have come to Spain recently, and in these days, these protadonists are promoting the film Twilight.

Thursday, November 12, 2009

Gomaespuminglish, Lesson 12

¡Levántese! = Standarse!
¡Qué nos vamos de marcha! = Que nos vamos de parade!
Oh, sí, me quito el estrés = Oh, yes me quito el is-three

Wednesday, November 11, 2009

THE SECRET,the Law of Attraction

Hi, Guys!,
Last Monday, while we were talking about "WISHES", I told you about a well-known book called THE SECRET. It is about a "new-old" law of attraction. According to the book, written by Rhonda Byrne, the law of attraction is very ancient. Thus, when you concentrate on what you really wish, you can attract this easily, but you must rely on it. It is really easy, just start believing positive things are going to happen to you today, and be strongly happy, be thankful for your life! Then, everything happens to you!

The Secret reveals the natural law that is governing all lives. By applying the knowledge of this law, you can change every aspect of your life. This is the secret to prosperity, health, relationships and happiness. This is the secret to life.

Obviously, there are many people who have carried out this theory and believe so, whereas there are other people who are against of it.
Well, you can see this video and read the book; you can dream, you can wish, why not? And after that, your dreams may come true, who knows?
Nevertheless, I'd like to know your opinions.
Do you believe it is possible? or impossible?


Saturday, November 7, 2009

SESAME STREET, 40 th Anniversary

Hi, Guys!,

In these days, we are celebrating the 40th anniversary of SESAME STREET. That's why I'd like to see again some episodes starred by the following famous characters. Have you ever watched Sesame Street? I suppose all of you know Ernie and Bert, Epi and Blas in Spanish; Grover, or Kermit. When I was a child, my brother and I used to watch this TV show every afternoon, we loved it too much. I hope you'll like them!

Follow the arrows

Grover, the waiter

Kermit, the Frog

CONDITIONALS ..... in Real English!!!

Hi, Guys!,

Next week, we are going to see the Conditionalsin class. So, I've just decided to release this video where you can listen to different English people using them in real conversations.

Now, I'm going to ask you another task: can anyone recommend me one English song whose lyrics has any conditional sentences?




Friday, November 6, 2009


Hi, Guys!,

Last night, there was a special festival in UK as well as the rest of English speaking countries. I'm referring to GUY FAWKES NIGHT. I want you to read this brief summary and then, pay attention to the pictures. After that, don't you think here, in Spain, we actually have a similar festival to this British one? What about "Las Fallas de Valencia"?

Well, let's read the origin and history of this British celebration.

Guy Fawkes Night is an annual celebration on the evening of 5 November. It marks the downfall of the Gunpowder Plot of 5 November 1605, in which a number of Catholic conspirators, including Guy Fawkes, attempted to destroy the Houses of Parliament, in London.

This festival is centred on the use of fireworks and the lighting of bonfires.


Song sung by children in Lancashire whilst begging "A Penny For The Guy":

Remember, remember the fifth of November
It's Gunpowder Plot, we never forgot
Put your hand in your pocket and pull out your purse
A ha'penny or a penny will do you no harm
Who's that knocking at the window?
Who's that knocking at the door?
It's little Mary Ann with a candle in her hand
And she's going down the cellar for some coal

Wednesday, November 4, 2009

Gomaespuminglish, Lesson 11

¡Hola, amigos! = Good-bye, my friends!

= to taste

sacar = to get out

plaza = square

¿aprobaste? = You to taste?

sí, saqué plaza = Yes, to get out the square.

¿Dónde? = Where?

En Salamanca = In-salt-one-handed

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